Selegiline kaufen online

Alzheimer’s is a debilitating disease which usually occurs due to aging. Here there is an increase in the formation of free radicals. Vitamin E, on the other hand, is a powerful antioxidant which prevents the formation of free radicals and thereby preventing any injury to the cells.

Free radicals are formed during normal functioning of cells through process known as oxidative metabolism. These radicals are attack other cells and damage them, the cell walls, DNA and metabolic processes.

Since there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease as yet, researchers have been trying to find ways and means of delaying the disease. Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society has been conducting a study using Vitamin E and Selegiline and the results show that giving Vitamin E can delay death, disability and nursing home placement. However, the vitamin has no effect on cognitive functions of the brain. Researchers used 1,000 IU of Vitamin E twice a day and 100 mg of Selegiline once a day for the study.

However, further research is required to find the effectiveness of treating Alzheimer’s with Vitamin E and the research has to done taking into consideration the different stages of the disease because if the vitamin can help Alzheimer’s patients, then there has to be stage when the . In addition, side effects of the vitamin Selegiline have to be taken into account though most people have no problems when taking Vitamin E, the same cannot be said for people who are given Selegiline.

However, a review of the study conducted by the Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society concluded that there is little evidence to suggest that Vitamin E can be beneficial for people suffering from Alzheimer’s.

This clearly proves that more research is required into Vitamin E treatment for Alzheimer’s.

Pauline Go is an online leading expert in medical industry. She also offers top quality articles like :
Vitamins in Banana, Vitamin C Concentration

Article Source:
http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Pauline_Go/43038

Alzheimer’s is a debilitating disease which usually occurs due to aging. Here there is an increase in the formation of free radicals. Vitamin E, on the other hand, is a powerful antioxidant which prevents the formation of free radicals and thereby preventing any injury to the cells.

Free radicals are formed during normal functioning of cells through process known as oxidative metabolism. These radicals are attack other cells and damage them, the cell walls, DNA and metabolic processes.

Since there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease as yet, researchers have been trying to find ways and means of delaying the disease. Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society has been conducting a study using Vitamin E and Selegiline and the results show that giving Vitamin E can delay death, disability and nursing home placement. However, the vitamin has no effect on cognitive functions of the brain. Researchers used 1,000 IU of Vitamin E twice a day and 100 mg of Selegiline once a day for the study.

However, further research is required to find the effectiveness of treating Alzheimer’s with Vitamin E and the research has to done taking into consideration the different stages of the disease because if the vitamin can help Alzheimer’s patients, then there has to be stage when the . In addition, side effects of the vitamin Selegiline have to be taken into account though most people have no problems when taking Vitamin E, the same cannot be said for people who are given Selegiline.

However, a review of the study conducted by the Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society concluded that there is little evidence to suggest that Vitamin E can be beneficial for people suffering from Alzheimer’s.

This clearly proves that more research is required into Vitamin E treatment for Alzheimer’s.

The best cheap pet meds are generic brands – they’re approved by the FDA, safe, and just as effective as their expensive brand name alternatives. Given that, why would anyone want to still pay extra for your pet drugs?

To learn more about popular generic pet drugs and whether they are a good option for your beloved pet, keep reading.

Ivermectin

Ivermectin is used to prevent heartworm. It’s also the drug used in Heartgard – a popular, and expensive, heartworm medication found in most veterinarian offices. Typically, Ivermectin is administered as a monthly pill.

Savvy pet med buyers can buy basic, generic Ivermectin or other generic brands like TriHeart, ValueHeart and IverHeart.

Clyndamycin the Antibiotic

Clyndamycin is the generic version of Cleocin – an antibiotic used to treat skin infections, osteomyelitis, and toxoplasmosis.

Hydroxyzine as an Antihistamine

Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine, so it’s used for inflammations – usually those caused by severe skin allergies or allergic reactions to bug or animal bites. The brand name version of the drug is called Atarax.

Selegiline for Cognitive Needs

Selegiline is the generic version of Anipryl – a drug used to treat cognitive dysfunction syndrome, essentially symptoms associated with old age. These symptoms include lack of coordination, apparent memory loss, confusion and high levels of anxiety.

Enalapril

Enalapril is a drug used to treat heart conditions and outright heart failure. The medication helps the heart pump at a consistent rate and allows for increased blood flow. The brand name version of the drug is Enacard.

Are Generic Medications Actually Cheaper?

Generic pet medications are significantly cheaper than brand name drugs. Pet owners can expect to save around 50 percent and as much as 80 percent. You’ll also benefit from competitive pricing as more manufacturers begin producing generic pet medications.

Where Can I Purchase Generic Pet Medications?

Simply ask – either your veterinarian or a trusted pet pharmacy. Typically, unless your veterinarian stipulates specifically on the prescription that you must use the brand name drug, you are free to choose the generic version when you purchase your prescription.

The rules will depend on your state – with some states automatically substituting the generic version, others requiring that you request it specifically and a rare few requiring veterinarian authorization for the switch.

Are Generic Pet Medications as Safe as Brand Name Options?

Buying inexpensive pet meds doesn’t mean you’re coming home with low-quality pet meds. Every prescribed drug in the United States, whether for people or animals, must be approved by the FDA and held to a high standard of quality. To make sure you’re getting quality, generic medications, always buy from an approved pet pharmacy based in the U.S.

For helpful information about pet supplies – please visit petsuppliestips.com – a popular site about needs for your beloved pet – such as a dog bark collar [http://www.petsuppliestips.com/dog-bark-collar.shtml] – and many more!

Article Source:
http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Trevor_R._Price/222105

Alzheimer’s is a debilitating disease which usually occurs due to aging. Here there is an increase in the formation of free radicals. Vitamin E, on the other hand, is a powerful antioxidant which prevents the formation of free radicals and thereby preventing any injury to the cells.

Free radicals are formed during normal functioning of cells through process known as oxidative metabolism. These radicals are attack other cells and damage them, the cell walls, DNA and metabolic processes.

Since there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease as yet, researchers have been trying to find ways and means of delaying the disease. Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society has been conducting a study using Vitamin E and Selegiline and the results show that giving Vitamin E can delay death, disability and nursing home placement. However, the vitamin has no effect on cognitive functions of the brain. Researchers used 1,000 IU of Vitamin E twice a day and 100 mg of Selegiline once a day for the study.

However, further research is required to find the effectiveness of treating Alzheimer’s with Vitamin E and the research has to done taking into consideration the different stages of the disease because if the vitamin can help Alzheimer’s patients, then there has to be stage when the . In addition, side effects of the vitamin Selegiline have to be taken into account though most people have no problems when taking Vitamin E, the same cannot be said for people who are given Selegiline.

However, a review of the study conducted by the Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society concluded that there is little evidence to suggest that Vitamin E can be beneficial for people suffering from Alzheimer’s.

This clearly proves that more research is required into Vitamin E treatment for Alzheimer’s.

The best cheap pet meds are generic brands – they’re approved by the FDA, safe, and just as effective as their expensive brand name alternatives. Given that, why would anyone want to still pay extra for your pet drugs?

To learn more about popular generic pet drugs and whether they are a good option for your beloved pet, keep reading.

Ivermectin

Ivermectin is used to prevent heartworm. It’s also the drug used in Heartgard – a popular, and expensive, heartworm medication found in most veterinarian offices. Typically, Ivermectin is administered as a monthly pill.

Savvy pet med buyers can buy basic, generic Ivermectin or other generic brands like TriHeart, ValueHeart and IverHeart.

Clyndamycin the Antibiotic

Clyndamycin is the generic version of Cleocin – an antibiotic used to treat skin infections, osteomyelitis, and toxoplasmosis.

Hydroxyzine as an Antihistamine

Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine, so it’s used for inflammations – usually those caused by severe skin allergies or allergic reactions to bug or animal bites. The brand name version of the drug is called Atarax.

Selegiline for Cognitive Needs

Selegiline is the generic version of Anipryl – a drug used to treat cognitive dysfunction syndrome, essentially symptoms associated with old age. These symptoms include lack of coordination, apparent memory loss, confusion and high levels of anxiety.

Enalapril

Enalapril is a drug used to treat heart conditions and outright heart failure. The medication helps the heart pump at a consistent rate and allows for increased blood flow. The brand name version of the drug is Enacard.

Are Generic Medications Actually Cheaper?

Generic pet medications are significantly cheaper than brand name drugs. Pet owners can expect to save around 50 percent and as much as 80 percent. You’ll also benefit from competitive pricing as more manufacturers begin producing generic pet medications.

Where Can I Purchase Generic Pet Medications?

Simply ask – either your veterinarian or a trusted pet pharmacy. Typically, unless your veterinarian stipulates specifically on the prescription that you must use the brand name drug, you are free to choose the generic version when you purchase your prescription.

The rules will depend on your state – with some states automatically substituting the generic version, others requiring that you request it specifically and a rare few requiring veterinarian authorization for the switch.

Are Generic Pet Medications as Safe as Brand Name Options?

Buying inexpensive pet meds doesn’t mean you’re coming home with low-quality pet meds. Every prescribed drug in the United States, whether for people or animals, must be approved by the FDA and held to a high standard of quality. To make sure you’re getting quality, generic medications, always buy from an approved pet pharmacy based in the U.S.

Just as humans suffer from dementia in their old age, dogs can too. The disease is more formally known as Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome (CDS). Current treatment includes a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids as well as other antioxidants and the drug Selegiline. Selegiline or Anipryl alters the attentiveness and the wake-sleep cycle.

With medical advancement, improved environments, and higher nutritional quality, animals like humans are living longer and thus suffering more from ailments that come with old age. Nearly a third of 11 to 12 year old dogs and two-thirds of 15 to 16 year old dogs have significant cognitive impairment according to research done at the University Of California School Of Veterinary Medicine in Davis. However, through diet and medication, the progress of CDS can be slowed.

Behaviors exhibited by pets with CDS can be spelled out by the acronym DISH. The first is disorientation which includes walking aimlessly, staring off into space, loss of balance, and falling. The second is interaction. The dog may no longer care to greet you and simply ignore you. Third is sleep. The animal’s routine often reverses, so it is awake during the night yet sleeps in the day. The final sign is house training. The pet no longer follows the routine which it had been accustom to for many years. However, these signs can also be indicators of other issues as well. For instance, the change of bathroom habits might be due to arthritis.

Blood pressure is very important to a pet’s health. High blood pressure, hypertension, is common in older animals. Conditions such as kidney disease or Cushing’s disease can contribute to the production of too much adrenal hormone which in return will raise blood pressure. Hypertension damages the blood vessels in the brain and thus impairs cognitive ability. Chronic high blood pressure is often the leading cause of senility in humans and researchers are finding the same trend with pets. However, because there are medicines on the market designed at reducing blood pressure levels, there is still much that can be done to reduce the chances of your pet contracting cognitive dysfunction syndrome.

The best thing an owner can do is be alert for changes in behavior. The earlier symptoms are caught, the more that can be done to improve the health conditions.

For more information regarding caring for your dog in his old age, please consult your Houston Veterinarian at [http://www.houstonveterinarianclinics.com]

Joseph Devine

Article Source:
http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Joseph_Devine/136388

Alzheimer’s is a debilitating disease which usually occurs due to aging. Here there is an increase in the formation of free radicals. Vitamin E, on the other hand, is a powerful antioxidant which prevents the formation of free radicals and thereby preventing any injury to the cells.

Free radicals are formed during normal functioning of cells through process known as oxidative metabolism. These radicals are attack other cells and damage them, the cell walls, DNA and metabolic processes.

Since there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease as yet, researchers have been trying to find ways and means of delaying the disease. Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society has been conducting a study using Vitamin E and Selegiline and the results show that giving Vitamin E can delay death, disability and nursing home placement. However, the vitamin has no effect on cognitive functions of the brain. Researchers used 1,000 IU of Vitamin E twice a day and 100 mg of Selegiline once a day for the study.

However, further research is required to find the effectiveness of treating Alzheimer’s with Vitamin E and the research has to done taking into consideration the different stages of the disease because if the vitamin can help Alzheimer’s patients, then there has to be stage when the . In addition, side effects of the vitamin Selegiline have to be taken into account though most people have no problems when taking Vitamin E, the same cannot be said for people who are given Selegiline.

However, a review of the study conducted by the Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society concluded that there is little evidence to suggest that Vitamin E can be beneficial for people suffering from Alzheimer’s.

This clearly proves that more research is required into Vitamin E treatment for Alzheimer’s.

The best cheap pet meds are generic brands – they’re approved by the FDA, safe, and just as effective as their expensive brand name alternatives. Given that, why would anyone want to still pay extra for your pet drugs?

To learn more about popular generic pet drugs and whether they are a good option for your beloved pet, keep reading.

Ivermectin

Ivermectin is used to prevent heartworm. It’s also the drug used in Heartgard – a popular, and expensive, heartworm medication found in most veterinarian offices. Typically, Ivermectin is administered as a monthly pill.

Savvy pet med buyers can buy basic, generic Ivermectin or other generic brands like TriHeart, ValueHeart and IverHeart.

Clyndamycin the Antibiotic

Clyndamycin is the generic version of Cleocin – an antibiotic used to treat skin infections, osteomyelitis, and toxoplasmosis.

Hydroxyzine as an Antihistamine

Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine, so it’s used for inflammations – usually those caused by severe skin allergies or allergic reactions to bug or animal bites. The brand name version of the drug is called Atarax.

Selegiline for Cognitive Needs

Selegiline is the generic version of Anipryl – a drug used to treat cognitive dysfunction syndrome, essentially symptoms associated with old age. These symptoms include lack of coordination, apparent memory loss, confusion and high levels of anxiety.

Enalapril

Enalapril is a drug used to treat heart conditions and outright heart failure. The medication helps the heart pump at a consistent rate and allows for increased blood flow. The brand name version of the drug is Enacard.

Are Generic Medications Actually Cheaper?

Generic pet medications are significantly cheaper than brand name drugs. Pet owners can expect to save around 50 percent and as much as 80 percent. You’ll also benefit from competitive pricing as more manufacturers begin producing generic pet medications.

Where Can I Purchase Generic Pet Medications?

Simply ask – either your veterinarian or a trusted pet pharmacy. Typically, unless your veterinarian stipulates specifically on the prescription that you must use the brand name drug, you are free to choose the generic version when you purchase your prescription.

The rules will depend on your state – with some states automatically substituting the generic version, others requiring that you request it specifically and a rare few requiring veterinarian authorization for the switch.

Are Generic Pet Medications as Safe as Brand Name Options?

Buying inexpensive pet meds doesn’t mean you’re coming home with low-quality pet meds. Every prescribed drug in the United States, whether for people or animals, must be approved by the FDA and held to a high standard of quality. To make sure you’re getting quality, generic medications, always buy from an approved pet pharmacy based in the U.S.

Just as humans suffer from dementia in their old age, dogs can too. The disease is more formally known as Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome (CDS). Current treatment includes a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids as well as other antioxidants and the drug Selegiline. Selegiline or Anipryl alters the attentiveness and the wake-sleep cycle.

With medical advancement, improved environments, and higher nutritional quality, animals like humans are living longer and thus suffering more from ailments that come with old age. Nearly a third of 11 to 12 year old dogs and two-thirds of 15 to 16 year old dogs have significant cognitive impairment according to research done at the University Of California School Of Veterinary Medicine in Davis. However, through diet and medication, the progress of CDS can be slowed.

Behaviors exhibited by pets with CDS can be spelled out by the acronym DISH. The first is disorientation which includes walking aimlessly, staring off into space, loss of balance, and falling. The second is interaction. The dog may no longer care to greet you and simply ignore you. Third is sleep. The animal’s routine often reverses, so it is awake during the night yet sleeps in the day. The final sign is house training. The pet no longer follows the routine which it had been accustom to for many years. However, these signs can also be indicators of other issues as well. For instance, the change of bathroom habits might be due to arthritis.

Blood pressure is very important to a pet’s health. High blood pressure, hypertension, is common in older animals. Conditions such as kidney disease or Cushing’s disease can contribute to the production of too much adrenal hormone which in return will raise blood pressure. Hypertension damages the blood vessels in the brain and thus impairs cognitive ability. Chronic high blood pressure is often the leading cause of senility in humans and researchers are finding the same trend with pets. However, because there are medicines on the market designed at reducing blood pressure levels, there is still much that can be done to reduce the chances of your pet contracting cognitive dysfunction syndrome.

The best thing an owner can do is be alert for changes in behavior. The earlier symptoms are caught, the more that can be done to improve the health conditions.

There are times when treatments for anxiety attacks, such as cognitive behavioral therapies and other methods, do not work. In this situation medication may help to alleviate anxiety attacks symptoms.

Most medications are given singularly until anxiety attack symptoms are under control. However, there are times when more than one medication is combined to reduce severe symptoms and get a better control on the anxieties, but in the case of psychiatric drugs, combining any drugs has its risks.

Anxiety attack medications are used based on the patient’s ability to tolerate them over a long period of time and their ability to treat the symptoms. Antidepressant medications are prescribed for anxiety attacks and can be used alone or in combination with other types of drugs to stop symptoms. Some examples of these include:

· Effexor – side effects include impotence, other sexual malfunctions, nausea, anorexia, dry mouth, vision problems, sweating and constipation; doses are recommended at 75 to 225mg twice a day with food; no known drug interactions have yet been found

· Nardil – side effects include dizziness, constipation, drowsiness, headaches, constipation, low blood pressure when getting up, liver conditions, troubles sleeping, digestive problems, increased weight, water gain and sexual problems; doses are 15 to 90mg daily; some drugs and foods that should be avoided while taking Nardil and for 2 weeks after completing the treatment include excessive caffeine, beer, cheeses, chocolate, processed salamis/pepperonis/bologna, fava beans, liver, meat extracts, pickled/aged/smoked/fermented/poorly stored fish/dairy/meat products, wine, sauerkraut, yeast extracts, yogurt, appetite reducers, amphetamines, antidepressants (exact or related), inhalants (asthma), hay fever/sinus/cold medications, decongestants (any variety), products containing l-tryptophan, and stimulant medications (EpiPen, Ritalin, etc.)

· Moclobomide – has no side effects for more most people, but is only useful for very mild anxiety attacks; doses are generally 10 to 150mg taken as directed by the prescribing doctor per day; there are currently no known drug interactions

· Bupropion – side effects include dry mouth, agitation, nausea, tremors, constipation and insomnia; doses generally start at 150mg, 3 times/day; there are not many drug interactions, but those to be avoided include prochlorperazine, chlorpromazine and other antipsychotic drugs (phenothiazine varieties)

· Prozac – one of the most commonly used, especially for males because it has limited side effects like drowsiness; doses start at 20mg/day; drugs that should not be taken during the use of or for 3 weeks after finishing the treatment include MAO inhibiting medications, lanoxin and coumadin

· Sertraline – side effects include apathy, drowsiness and sexual problems; doses are 25 to 200mg daily; drugs that should be avoided during and for at least 2 weeks after finishing treatment include SSRI’s, cimetidine, pimozide, warfarin and monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOI’s due to the risk of serious blood pressure problems, heart function problems and potential death

· Paxil – side effects include yawning, sleeping problems, drowsiness, sedation, nausea, increased weight, vomiting, apathy, dry mouth and sexual problems; doses are generally at the discretion of the doctor and based on varied health and other factors; drug interactions that should be avoided include MAO inhibiting drugs, astemizole, thioridazine, sibutramine, terfenadine, phentermine, antiarrhythmics, cimetidine, digoxin, clozapine, natural/herbal remedies, lithium, procyclidine, nefazodone, thrombolytic medications (TPA’s, anticoagulants), antidepressants (SSRI), trazodone, theophylline, antidepressants (tricyclics), migraine medications, tryptophan, aspirin (low doses), venlafaxine, diazepam, antihistamines, anti-seizure medications, sleeping pills, muscular relaxants, pain medication (narcotic), psychiatric drugs, sedatives, paroxetine, tranquilizers, dofetilide, quinidine, procainamide, procainamide, sotalol and sparfloxacin due to their potentially fatal effects

· Citalopram – side effects include increased or decreased energy, sedation, apathy and sexual problems; doses are generally 20 to 40mg per dose as per instructions from the prescribing doctor; drugs to avoided during the use of and for 3 weeks after using citalopram include MAO antidepressants, selegiline, fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine and tryptophan which due to their dangerous effects and potentials when combined.

· Escitalopram – side effects include increased or decreased energy, sedation, apathy and sexual problems; doses are 10 to 20mg daily; drugs to be avoided during use and for 3 weeks after include MAO antidepressants, selegiline, fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine, tryptophan, aspirin and anti-inflammatory/bleeding medications (anti-steroidal)

· Duloxetine – side effects include nausea, constipation, dry mouth, appetite loss, fatigue, dizziness, drowsiness, blurry vision, increased sweating, itching and rashes; doses are prescribed at varied levels at the discretion of the prescribing doctor; drugs to be avoided during and for 3 weeks after using duloxetine, including MAO antidepressants, thioridazine, herbal remedies, ciprofloxacin, cimetidine, heart rhythm drugs, paroxetine, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, fluoxetine, thrombolytic medications, aspirin, antihistamines, anti-anxiety medications, anti-seizure medications, sleeping pills, muscular relaxants, pain medications (all types), psychiatric drugs, tranquilizers, cough/cold products and anti-fever drugs due to potentially dangerous results

Medications used to control anxiety attacks vary greatly in type, dosage, side effects and drug interaction. However, it is important to not self-administer prescription drugs without the approval and guidance of a medical doctor, or to combine these with any other drugs.

Gary Miller was so scared that he actually passed out during a presentation and couldn’t talk after due to numerous social anxieties. To learn more about his journey to recovery and weekly FREE Social Anxiety coping techniques, you can visit his web site at: [http://www.Social-Anxiety-Cure.com]

Article Source:
http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Gary_M._Miller/136383

Alzheimer’s is a debilitating disease which usually occurs due to aging. Here there is an increase in the formation of free radicals. Vitamin E, on the other hand, is a powerful antioxidant which prevents the formation of free radicals and thereby preventing any injury to the cells.

Free radicals are formed during normal functioning of cells through process known as oxidative metabolism. These radicals are attack other cells and damage them, the cell walls, DNA and metabolic processes.

Since there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease as yet, researchers have been trying to find ways and means of delaying the disease. Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society has been conducting a study using Vitamin E and Selegiline and the results show that giving Vitamin E can delay death, disability and nursing home placement. However, the vitamin has no effect on cognitive functions of the brain. Researchers used 1,000 IU of Vitamin E twice a day and 100 mg of Selegiline once a day for the study.

However, further research is required to find the effectiveness of treating Alzheimer’s with Vitamin E and the research has to done taking into consideration the different stages of the disease because if the vitamin can help Alzheimer’s patients, then there has to be stage when the . In addition, side effects of the vitamin Selegiline have to be taken into account though most people have no problems when taking Vitamin E, the same cannot be said for people who are given Selegiline.

However, a review of the study conducted by the Alzheimer’s Cooperative Society concluded that there is little evidence to suggest that Vitamin E can be beneficial for people suffering from Alzheimer’s.

This clearly proves that more research is required into Vitamin E treatment for Alzheimer’s.

The best cheap pet meds are generic brands – they’re approved by the FDA, safe, and just as effective as their expensive brand name alternatives. Given that, why would anyone want to still pay extra for your pet drugs?

To learn more about popular generic pet drugs and whether they are a good option for your beloved pet, keep reading.

Ivermectin

Ivermectin is used to prevent heartworm. It’s also the drug used in Heartgard – a popular, and expensive, heartworm medication found in most veterinarian offices. Typically, Ivermectin is administered as a monthly pill.

Savvy pet med buyers can buy basic, generic Ivermectin or other generic brands like TriHeart, ValueHeart and IverHeart.

Clyndamycin the Antibiotic

Clyndamycin is the generic version of Cleocin – an antibiotic used to treat skin infections, osteomyelitis, and toxoplasmosis.

Hydroxyzine as an Antihistamine

Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine, so it’s used for inflammations – usually those caused by severe skin allergies or allergic reactions to bug or animal bites. The brand name version of the drug is called Atarax.

Selegiline for Cognitive Needs

Selegiline is the generic version of Anipryl – a drug used to treat cognitive dysfunction syndrome, essentially symptoms associated with old age. These symptoms include lack of coordination, apparent memory loss, confusion and high levels of anxiety.

Enalapril

Enalapril is a drug used to treat heart conditions and outright heart failure. The medication helps the heart pump at a consistent rate and allows for increased blood flow. The brand name version of the drug is Enacard.

Are Generic Medications Actually Cheaper?

Generic pet medications are significantly cheaper than brand name drugs. Pet owners can expect to save around 50 percent and as much as 80 percent. You’ll also benefit from competitive pricing as more manufacturers begin producing generic pet medications.

Where Can I Purchase Generic Pet Medications?

Simply ask – either your veterinarian or a trusted pet pharmacy. Typically, unless your veterinarian stipulates specifically on the prescription that you must use the brand name drug, you are free to choose the generic version when you purchase your prescription.

The rules will depend on your state – with some states automatically substituting the generic version, others requiring that you request it specifically and a rare few requiring veterinarian authorization for the switch.

Are Generic Pet Medications as Safe as Brand Name Options?

Buying inexpensive pet meds doesn’t mean you’re coming home with low-quality pet meds. Every prescribed drug in the United States, whether for people or animals, must be approved by the FDA and held to a high standard of quality. To make sure you’re getting quality, generic medications, always buy from an approved pet pharmacy based in the U.S.

Just as humans suffer from dementia in their old age, dogs can too. The disease is more formally known as Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome (CDS). Current treatment includes a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids as well as other antioxidants and the drug Selegiline. Selegiline or Anipryl alters the attentiveness and the wake-sleep cycle.

With medical advancement, improved environments, and higher nutritional quality, animals like humans are living longer and thus suffering more from ailments that come with old age. Nearly a third of 11 to 12 year old dogs and two-thirds of 15 to 16 year old dogs have significant cognitive impairment according to research done at the University Of California School Of Veterinary Medicine in Davis. However, through diet and medication, the progress of CDS can be slowed.

Behaviors exhibited by pets with CDS can be spelled out by the acronym DISH. The first is disorientation which includes walking aimlessly, staring off into space, loss of balance, and falling. The second is interaction. The dog may no longer care to greet you and simply ignore you. Third is sleep. The animal’s routine often reverses, so it is awake during the night yet sleeps in the day. The final sign is house training. The pet no longer follows the routine which it had been accustom to for many years. However, these signs can also be indicators of other issues as well. For instance, the change of bathroom habits might be due to arthritis.

Blood pressure is very important to a pet’s health. High blood pressure, hypertension, is common in older animals. Conditions such as kidney disease or Cushing’s disease can contribute to the production of too much adrenal hormone which in return will raise blood pressure. Hypertension damages the blood vessels in the brain and thus impairs cognitive ability. Chronic high blood pressure is often the leading cause of senility in humans and researchers are finding the same trend with pets. However, because there are medicines on the market designed at reducing blood pressure levels, there is still much that can be done to reduce the chances of your pet contracting cognitive dysfunction syndrome.

The best thing an owner can do is be alert for changes in behavior. The earlier symptoms are caught, the more that can be done to improve the health conditions.

There are times when treatments for anxiety attacks, such as cognitive behavioral therapies and other methods, do not work. In this situation medication may help to alleviate anxiety attacks symptoms.

Most medications are given singularly until anxiety attack symptoms are under control. However, there are times when more than one medication is combined to reduce severe symptoms and get a better control on the anxieties, but in the case of psychiatric drugs, combining any drugs has its risks.

Anxiety attack medications are used based on the patient’s ability to tolerate them over a long period of time and their ability to treat the symptoms. Antidepressant medications are prescribed for anxiety attacks and can be used alone or in combination with other types of drugs to stop symptoms. Some examples of these include:

· Effexor – side effects include impotence, other sexual malfunctions, nausea, anorexia, dry mouth, vision problems, sweating and constipation; doses are recommended at 75 to 225mg twice a day with food; no known drug interactions have yet been found

· Nardil – side effects include dizziness, constipation, drowsiness, headaches, constipation, low blood pressure when getting up, liver conditions, troubles sleeping, digestive problems, increased weight, water gain and sexual problems; doses are 15 to 90mg daily; some drugs and foods that should be avoided while taking Nardil and for 2 weeks after completing the treatment include excessive caffeine, beer, cheeses, chocolate, processed salamis/pepperonis/bologna, fava beans, liver, meat extracts, pickled/aged/smoked/fermented/poorly stored fish/dairy/meat products, wine, sauerkraut, yeast extracts, yogurt, appetite reducers, amphetamines, antidepressants (exact or related), inhalants (asthma), hay fever/sinus/cold medications, decongestants (any variety), products containing l-tryptophan, and stimulant medications (EpiPen, Ritalin, etc.)

· Moclobomide – has no side effects for more most people, but is only useful for very mild anxiety attacks; doses are generally 10 to 150mg taken as directed by the prescribing doctor per day; there are currently no known drug interactions

· Bupropion – side effects include dry mouth, agitation, nausea, tremors, constipation and insomnia; doses generally start at 150mg, 3 times/day; there are not many drug interactions, but those to be avoided include prochlorperazine, chlorpromazine and other antipsychotic drugs (phenothiazine varieties)

· Prozac – one of the most commonly used, especially for males because it has limited side effects like drowsiness; doses start at 20mg/day; drugs that should not be taken during the use of or for 3 weeks after finishing the treatment include MAO inhibiting medications, lanoxin and coumadin

· Sertraline – side effects include apathy, drowsiness and sexual problems; doses are 25 to 200mg daily; drugs that should be avoided during and for at least 2 weeks after finishing treatment include SSRI’s, cimetidine, pimozide, warfarin and monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOI’s due to the risk of serious blood pressure problems, heart function problems and potential death

· Paxil – side effects include yawning, sleeping problems, drowsiness, sedation, nausea, increased weight, vomiting, apathy, dry mouth and sexual problems; doses are generally at the discretion of the doctor and based on varied health and other factors; drug interactions that should be avoided include MAO inhibiting drugs, astemizole, thioridazine, sibutramine, terfenadine, phentermine, antiarrhythmics, cimetidine, digoxin, clozapine, natural/herbal remedies, lithium, procyclidine, nefazodone, thrombolytic medications (TPA’s, anticoagulants), antidepressants (SSRI), trazodone, theophylline, antidepressants (tricyclics), migraine medications, tryptophan, aspirin (low doses), venlafaxine, diazepam, antihistamines, anti-seizure medications, sleeping pills, muscular relaxants, pain medication (narcotic), psychiatric drugs, sedatives, paroxetine, tranquilizers, dofetilide, quinidine, procainamide, procainamide, sotalol and sparfloxacin due to their potentially fatal effects

· Citalopram – side effects include increased or decreased energy, sedation, apathy and sexual problems; doses are generally 20 to 40mg per dose as per instructions from the prescribing doctor; drugs to avoided during the use of and for 3 weeks after using citalopram include MAO antidepressants, selegiline, fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine and tryptophan which due to their dangerous effects and potentials when combined.

· Escitalopram – side effects include increased or decreased energy, sedation, apathy and sexual problems; doses are 10 to 20mg daily; drugs to be avoided during use and for 3 weeks after include MAO antidepressants, selegiline, fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine, tryptophan, aspirin and anti-inflammatory/bleeding medications (anti-steroidal)

· Duloxetine – side effects include nausea, constipation, dry mouth, appetite loss, fatigue, dizziness, drowsiness, blurry vision, increased sweating, itching and rashes; doses are prescribed at varied levels at the discretion of the prescribing doctor; drugs to be avoided during and for 3 weeks after using duloxetine, including MAO antidepressants, thioridazine, herbal remedies, ciprofloxacin, cimetidine, heart rhythm drugs, paroxetine, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, fluoxetine, thrombolytic medications, aspirin, antihistamines, anti-anxiety medications, anti-seizure medications, sleeping pills, muscular relaxants, pain medications (all types), psychiatric drugs, tranquilizers, cough/cold products and anti-fever drugs due to potentially dangerous results

Medications used to control anxiety attacks vary greatly in type, dosage, side effects and drug interaction. However, it is important to not self-administer prescription drugs without the approval and guidance of a medical doctor, or to combine these with any other drugs.

The little puppy you brought home ten or so years ago was a romping, roly-poly ball of fur. It jumped on your sofa with abandon and never minded a little rough play. A decade on, it is no longer enthusiastic or active. It reminds you of old Mr. Jones a few doors away, who needs a walking stick.

Old age strikes pets as it does humans. They have the same aches and pains that grandpa and grandma have. Like your human seniors, they may display moody, erratic behaviors. As a pet owner, you can help your beloved pet to cope with old age by understanding expected changes, empathizing with their behavioral problems and doing what you can to help him deal with its rigors.

Expected changes in Senior Pets

Physical changes take place in animals, just as they do in elderly humans. Illnesses become pervasive, and organs may not function as well as before. Spotting the changes can ease financial and emotional burdens.

A dog’s nutritional needs change as it ages. Older dogs may consume more fat, as they may lose some of it. Monitor your pet’s weight changes carefully.

Older pets may develop gray hairs, just as humans do. Haircoats may become thinner, and duller. Lumps may start to appear on its skin as well. Groom your pet constantly, and check for any skin changes.

Your pet may become more prone to injury. It may find it a task to fight off infectious diseases as well. Diabetes, common in elderly humans, is typical in older pets too.

If you have a female pet, she may experience the hardening of her mammary glands as she ages. If not checked, she may develop cancer. Her footpads may become brittle and thick. You may need to clip her nails and coat more often.

You may find your pet becoming less active because of muscle and bone degeneration. Arthritis is a common health problem in senior pets, just as it is in older humans. Your pet will find moving and breathing a task. Exercise it regularly to prevent muscle loss.

Older dogs are prone to dental and other degenerative diseases. Dental disease may make it difficult for it to take in food. It may be troubled by hearing and vision loss.

Behavioral Problems in Senior Pets

Senior dogs often suffer a decline in their functions. Their memories, cognition, awareness and senses deteriorate.

The decline may disrupt their sleep-wake cycles and make them fidgety at night. They may also wander about and fidget more.

Like older people, animals may forget details, like the commands they knew from long ago. They may either become overdependent or, conversely, disinterested in affection.

4 Behavior Problems in Senior Dogs and how to Solve them

There is no question that older dogs go through change. If yours shows any of these behaviors, it is time to take action.

1. Cognitive Dysfunction

Your pet’s brain may slow down in several ways. He may become confused, or fail to recognize you. Also, he may experience changes in his sleep-wake cycle and forget how to use the potty.

Veterinarians will usually recommend the drug Selegiline Hydrochloride to counter the degeneration. You may also combine the medication with the behavioral treatment given by a dog trainer.

2. Separation Anxiety

Older dogs may become irritable when taken to new environments. They may display aggression and anxiety when left alone.

It is not advisable to keep a senior dog with separation anxiety in a crate, especially if it is not accustomed to being isolated. It may attempt to escape if it cannot control its bladder or other physical functions, and hurt itself in the process.

If your dog paces about when you leave it alone, soils your home or is destructive, it is time to manage its behavior. Your vet will try to identify underlying problems and may prescribe medication to aid your dog’s cognition.

Control your responses to your pet’s conduct. If your dog nudges you, you may feel tempted to give in because you think the behavior is cute. Doing so may cause it to believe that it is in control of the situation.

Change your routine to help your dog get over the fear of being separated from you. Use a different door when you go out, and leave your things in different places.

3. Excessive Vocalization

Your pet’s vocalization may disrupt your sleep or irritate your neighbors. The vocalization may be due to fear or separation anxiety.

Loss of hearing may contribute to his excessive vocalization as well. He may also whine a bit more if he feels the urge to eliminate.

If your dog still vocalizes when you are at home, seek the help of a behaviorist. Do not reinforce the vocalizing behavior; instead, reward it when it keeps quiet on cue.

4. Restlessness

Your dog may become less active during the day but restless when it is time to sleep. Eyesight or hearing loss may trigger its nighttime activity. Your pet may also have medical issues, such as problems with its central nervous system.

Treat its medical conditions first, then retrain it to resume normal waking hours. Keep it exercised both physically and mentally; give it lots of chew toys and take it out for regular walks.

A little loving kindness and effort will help your older pet through its difficulties, and strengthen the bond between you.

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